is inkwash brush painting originating from China over a thousand years
ago, and embraced enthusiastically in Japan,
Korea and now internationally. The name sumi-e literally means
wash painting uses soot ink on thin mulberry bark paper or silk.
Different tones and shades are achieved by
varying the ink density and brush pressure. It is not simply to
reproduce the appearance
of the subject, but to capture its soul.
Sumi-e is the timeless unison of the true self and the universe. It is
of the mind and spirit of the artist through
the Four Treasures (文房四寶) .
and Calligraphy artists have the utmost respect for the Four Treasures:
Brush (筆): The ink brush is usually made of
goat, rabbit, or yellow weasel hair. The textures are soft, hard or
depending on the artist's use.
2. Ink (墨) : Ink sticks are made of soot
mixed with animal glue, and sometimes aromatic or medicinal powders.
3. Paper (紙)
: It is not just any kind of paper. It is
thin mulberry bark paper (Xuan paper from China and Washi paper from
It is also generically called "rice paper" in
the west though rice is not one of the ingredients. It
is highly absorbent and unforgiving. The
brushstrokes have to be fluid and fast, and mistakes cannot be masked
on watercolour paper.
4. Inkstone (硯) : The inkstone is used for grinding
the ink stick with water. The four famous inkstones are Duan, She, Tao and Chengni.
North America Branch
members of ICCPS respects and adheres to this
practice and ancient tradition of 'The Four Treasures' while
the individuality of their styles.